These gorgeous metallic sweat bees (tribe Augochlorini) were only two of dozens buzzing about a thick colony of smartweed (Persicaria pensylvanica) at the Brazoria Wildlife Refuge on September 19.
Bees in this tribe are brilliantly colored, ranging from gold-flecked green to pure green to various shades of blue-green. Some may be copper-colored, or even an unusual metallic-pink; all are easily noticed despite their small size.
Some sweat bees build nests in soil or, less commonly, in rotted wood. Occasionally they act cooperatively, constructing nests that share a common entrance and that are protected by a guard bee.
The yearly life cycle of certain species is split into spring and summer phases. In spring, they construct an underground nest and provision it for the new generation. After the young emerge, males leave the nest while the females remain, readying the nest for a second brood.
Given the number of bees swarming around the smartweed, I wondered if I might have been witnessing the emergence of a second, late summer brood. Whatever the reason for so many bees, an unexpected absence of mosquitoes allowed me to linger at the pond’s edge, appreciating these little jewels.